Acne is one of the most common skin diseases out there, characterized by the clogging of hair follicles. This condition is favored by a number of factors, such as the excess production of oil at the level of the skin, hormonal imbalances and fatty diets. Acne is actually an umbrella term, encompassing a number of changes that can appear on the skin, such as blackheads, whiteheads or pimples. The condition can be more or less severe, requiring adequate management in order to be kept under control and avoid more serious complications such as scarring.
Types of Acne
According to the specialists in the field, acne can be classified into four major categories. This classification is important to acknowledge, as each type might be managed and treated through different measures or treatment solutions.
1. Comedonal Acne
Comedonal acne is one of the most common types of acne, occurring in the situation that the pores have become clogged. This is often seen in those who have a reduced turnover of the skin. Due to the excess accumulation of oil at the level of the skin, small bumps are going to be present in different areas (more commonly in the critical T-zone).
2. Inflammatory Acne
Inflammatory acne includes both whiteheads and blackheads, always present on a red background (suggestive of the inflammation). This condition appears when the pores are clogged as well but it is also accompanied by an inflammatory process, as a response to the actual clogging. Inflammatory acne is more common in men who have high testosterone levels.
3. Cystic Acne
This is one of the most severe types of acne, with the inflammation being located in the deep layers of the skin. Cystic acne presents a high risk for scarring, requiring an early intervention in order to prevent such serious complications.
4. Hormonal Acne
Hormonal acne is seen in women who have entered in the third decade of life, because of the reduction of estrogen levels. Many women experience sudden breakouts because of the hormonal changes, even though their skin was perfect until then (connected to the menstrual cycle).
Causes of Acne
There are a number of causes that lead to the appearance of acne, as you will have the opportunity to read below.
It has been suggested that acne is more common in those who have a genetic predisposition towards such problems. This theory was confirmed by identifying similar types of acne in twins, as well as in first-degree relatives.
Hormonal changes can definitely lead to the appearance of acne, affecting women during the menstrual cycle and teenagers who are going through puberty. The teenage period is characterized by an explosion of hormones, which in turn will stimulate the production of excess sebum at the level of the skin. Hormonal-related acne is present in women who suffer from medical conditions, such as the polycystic ovary syndrome. Pregnancy and the usage of anabolic steroids can contribute to the causes of acne.
Bacterial infections, such as the one with Propionibacterium acnes, can cause acne lesions to appear at the level of the skin. Parasitic mites, such as Demodex, are responsible for acne lesions as well. A diet that is rich in dairy, chocolate or salt can trigger the appearance of acne. Cigarette smoking and chronic stress are considered to be favoring factors.
Treatment for Acne
There are a number of treatment for acne available for treating various types of acne. One of the most common recommended products is the prescription retinoid, which can increase the turnover of the skin and also unclog the pores. Products that contain glycolic or salicylic acid are indicated as well, as they can help the skin to exfoliate and improve its aspect.
In the situation that you are suffering from inflammatory acne, it is recommended to try products that contain either salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. As for natural remedies, tea tree oil can be highly effective for such problems. Benzoyl peroxide is one of the beneficial substances for acne, due to the fact that it reduces the excess production of sebum and unclogs the pores. Oral antibiotics might be more suitable for those who have a sensitive skin. As for cystic acne, a combination of oral and topical antibiotics might be more suitable.
If you are constantly suffering from breakouts, Zeroblem might be exactly what you were looking for. This product can be used to unclog pores and clear up breakouts, eliminating the discomfort caused by acne lesions. Moreover, it disinfects the skin and reduces the excess oil produced at the level of the skin. No more acne, redness or inflammation. Easy to apply, it has a special formula, destined to maintain the pH of the skin. Last, but not least, you do not have to worry about this product causing excessive dryness (does not strip away the moisture of the skin).