What Are Probiotics? How They Affect Your Health Positively?

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Last Updated: Mar 22, 2016

Probiotics are the healthy bacteria naturally found in our bodies but can also be obtained from food substances. They are well known to aid in various health conditions but no one had any interest on studying it until the mid 1990s. One of the most common health benefits of probiotics is maintaining proper digestion. There are two main types probiotics are; lactobacillus and bifidobacterium. Lactobacillus is found in most fermented foods like yogurt and any other. It remedies diarrhea and enhances the digestion of lactose. On the other hand bifidobacterium erases the symptoms of irritable bowel. Below are other benefits of probiotics to the body’s general health;

1. Promotes Digestion

Every human being has a larger number of bacteria in the digestive tract that play a role in breaking down food substances and aid absorption of nutrients. Enough healthy bacteria are naturally available in human body. However, with the intake of antibiotics with the aim of destroying the harmful bacteria the good bacteria is destroyed. There is therefore, need for more healthy bacteria maintain the bacterial function at its optimum level. According to recent research, 30% of patients who take antibiotics suffer from gastrointestinal distress. Dr Shekhar Challa, specialist in gastroenterology, recommends kefir, Tempeh, miso, pickles, and kombucha tea as the source of healthy bacteria. In addition, probiotics can also remedy abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation.

2. Reduce Urinary Tract Infections

Most women suffer from the urinary infections and most of them often take antibiotics to treat themselves. However, according to the University of Maryland medical center, most of these infections still recur. Probiotics is one of the great substances in fighting the harmful bacteria attacking the urinary tract. It does this by maintaining the quantities of the healthy bacteria at their optimum levels. Antibiotics not only heal the infection but also destroy the available healthy bacteria that are available in the body. Probiotics just remedies the infection with no side effects.

3. Promotes The Immunity Functions

Among the many benefits of bacteria is enhancing the immune response. Consuming food substances rich in probiotics while maintaining the healthy intestinal flora, the immune system is kept at a proper health state. Fermented milk is known to increase the production of lymphocytes which play a major role in the functioning of the immune system.

4. Lowers The Obesity Cases

Lowers The Obesity Cases
Obesity is a weight related disorder that is often accompanied by various health issues which include arthritis and joint pain. According to a study conducted at Stanford University, a larger percentage of people suffering from obesity have relatively lower amounts of gut bacteria compared to those who have normal weight. A conclusion was made that the gut flora plays a role in the control of the overall weight of a person. There is no prove of the effect of probiotics on weight loss but the fact that they have no calories and is beneficial to the health makes it a weight loss substance. Research shows lactobasand bifidobacterium reduce waist fat significantly.

5. Prevents Vaginal Diseases

Vagina relies on the balance of both good and bad bacteria in the body for its health just like the digestive tract. Imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina can result to yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis. Research shows lacidophilius can aid in preventing the infection. Bacterial vaginosis has been found to contribute a lot to premature labor which can alter the fetal health. Therefore, probiotics can be said to be relevant in the in the maternal health care. Yogurt is among the common food substances that contain the healthy bacteria.

6. Promotes Skin Health

Among the thought causes of acne is stress and anxiety. The authors of the journal, “gut pathogens” suggest that there is a link between mood change and skin disorders. Basically the immune system, skin health and physiological related process are dependent on the gut bacteria. Recent research showed and strong link between healthy bacterial and psoriasis.

7. Promotes Oral Health

Promotes Oral Health
Some people have a problem of bad breath. With probiotics this problem may never be a serious health issue. Bifidobacterium plays a role in getting rid of streptococcus mutans that contributes to gum problems and bad breath.


Bacteria are known to be harmful substances to the general health of the body. Surprisingly, there are the healthy bacteria, probiotics, which are beneficial for the body. Take fermented food substances to obtain probiotics.

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