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Maternal deaths dropped 45% worldwide

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World Health Organization statistics latest figures show that maternal mortality rate has dropped by 45% since 1990.

There are 289,000 maternal deaths in 2013. This is almost half the number of women who died during childbirth or pregnancy in 1990, which is over half a million.

The WHO also found out that the major cause of maternity mortality rate are by preventable issues. This fact pushes for more investments in the field of pregnancy care. The WHO highlights that there should be more health care investments in poorer countries.

There is also a wide gap in maternal deaths between rich and poor nations. In sub-Saharan Africa, one out of 40 15-year-old girl dies during childbirth or pregnancy, while in Europe it is only one is to 3,300, according to UNICEF deputy executive director Dr Geeta Rao Gupta.

The WHO also found out that 99 percent of all maternity deaths happen in developing countries.

However, according to health experts, some rich countries have an increasing maternity mortality rate, like the United States of America.

25 percent of the leading causes of maternal deaths are caused by conditions that are already there or pre-existing leading to the complication of pregnancy. Some of these major causes are obesity, malaria, diabetes and HIV.

Despite the falling number of maternity deaths, the WHO reports that after 20 years, there is still minimum progress done to prevent pregnancies among adolescents, maternal deaths, abortions, HIV, and sexually transmitted infections. WHO’s study also shows that there is a huge difference in the available quality sex education and services in low-income countries than in richer countries.

India and Nigeria accounts for almost a third of all maternity deaths in the world. The sub-Saharan Africa region has 62% of all global deaths and Southern Asia has 24 percent in 2013.

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